Posted: June 12th, 2017

Your 60 y.o. patient with pyelonephritis and possible septicemia has had five UTIs over the past two years. She is fatigued from lack of sleep, has lost weight, and urinates frequently even in the night. Her labs show: sodium, 154 mEq/L; osmolarity 340 mOsm/L; glucose, 127 mg/dl; and potassium, 3.9 mEq/L. Which nursing diagnosis is priority?

Your 60 y.o. patient with pyelonephritis and possible septicemia has had five UTIs over the past two years. She is fatigued from lack of sleep, has lost weight, and urinates frequently even in the night. Her labs show: sodium, 154 mEq/L; osmolarity 340 mOsm/L; glucose, 127 mg/dl; and potassium, 3.9 mEq/L. Which nursing diagnosis is priority?

1. Fluid volume deficit related to osmotic diuresis induced by hyponatremia
2. Fluid volume deficit related to inability to conserve water
3. Altered nutrition: Less than body requirements related to hypermetabolic state
4. Altered nutrition: Less than body requirements related to catabolic effects of insulin deficiency

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